Crops Grown In New Mexico

Top 7 Crops Grown In New Mexico

New Mexico is one of the leading agricultural states in the United States. One of the crops that is grown in New Mexico is corn. Corn is a major commodity crop in the State, contributing over $11.5 billion to New Mexico’s economy each year.

1. Pecans

Crops Grown In New Mexico

Pecans are a type of tree nut that is native to North America. The pecan tree is a deciduous tree, which means that it loses its leaves in the fall. Pecans are grown in many parts of the United States, but they are especially popular in the southern states.

In fact, Georgia is known as the “Pecan State” because it produces the most pecans in the country.

Pecans are a versatile crop that can be used in many different ways. They can be eaten raw, roasted, or ground into a flour. Pecans are also used to make pecan pie, a popular dessert in the United States.

Pecans are a healthy food option because they are high in vitamins and minerals. They are a good source of vitamin E, magnesium, phosphorus, and zinc. Pecans are also low in saturated fat and cholesterol.

2. Hay

Crops Grown In New Mexico

Hay is a type of grass that is cut and dried for use as animal feed. It is one of the most common crops grown in New Mexico. Hay is an important food source for livestock, especially during the winter months when fresh grass is not available.

There are two main types of hay: alfalfa and Bermuda. Alfalfa hay is higher in protein and nutrients than Bermuda hay. It is also more expensive. Bermuda hay is less nutritious but it is cheaper and more widely available.

Hay must be stored in a dry, well-ventilated place to prevent it from spoilage. Moldy or damp hay can cause respiratory problems in animals. Hay should be fed to animals in moderation to prevent them from becoming overweight.

3. Peppers

Crops Grown In New Mexico

New Mexico is known for its peppers, which are a popular crop grown in the state. There are many different types of peppers that can be grown in New Mexico, including jalapeños, green chiles, and red chiles.

Peppers are typically harvested in the summer months, when they are at their peak ripeness.

Peppers can be used in a variety of dishes, both cooked and raw. They add a delicious flavor and a bit of spice to any dish. Peppers can be eaten as a snack, added to salads, cooked into sauces, or used as a garnish.

If you’re looking to add some flavor to your cooking, try growing peppers in your garden!

4. Corn

Crops Grown In New Mexico

Corn is one of the most popular crops grown in New Mexico. This is because the climate and soil in the state are perfect for growing this type of crop. Corn is used in a variety of ways, including being ground into flour, fed to livestock, and used as a biofuel.

Corn is also a key ingredient in many processed foods.

The first step in growing corn is to choose the right location. The best place to grow corn is in an open field that gets plenty of sunlight. Corn needs to be planted in soil that is loose and well-drained.

The ideal temperature for growing corn is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Once you have chosen the perfect spot to grow your corn, you will need to plant the seeds. You can either plant the seeds directly in the ground or start them indoors in pots and then transplant them outdoors later. Corn seeds should be planted about an inch deep in the soil.

Watering is an important part of taking care of your corn crop. Make sure to water the plants regularly and fertilize them according to the instructions on the fertilizer package.

Harvest your corn when the ears are full and the husks are dry.

5. Wheat

Crops Grown In New Mexico

Wheat is a crop that is commonly grown in the state of New Mexico. This type of grain is used to make flour, which is then used to create bread, pasta, cereal, and other items. Wheat is a versatile crop that can be used in a variety of different dishes.

wheat is a type of grass that is cultivated for its seeds, which are ground into flour. This grain has been a staple food in many cultures for centuries. It is a major source of carbohydrates and proteins. In addition to being used in baking, wheat can also be used to make pasta, cereal, and other items.

Wheat is a relatively easy crop to grow, and it does well in most types of soil. It is typically planted in the spring and harvested in the fall. Wheat plants can reach up to four feet in height and produce seeds that are about the size of a pea.

6. Peanuts

Crops Grown In New Mexico

Peanuts are a crop that is commonly grown in the state of New Mexico. These tasty little nuts are a great source of protein and can be used in a variety of recipes. Peanuts can be roasted and eaten as a snack, used as an ingredient in savory dishes, or even made into peanut butter.

Peanuts are relatively easy to grow and can be cultivated in a variety of soil types. Peanut plants typically take about four to five months to mature and will produce around two pounds of peanuts per plant.

Peanuts are typically harvested in the fall, after the plants have been allowed to dry out.

If you’re looking for a nutritious and delicious addition to your diet, consider adding peanuts to your list of crops to grow in New Mexico. Peanuts are a versatile ingredient that can be used in sweet or savory dishes, and they make a great snack on their own.

With a little care and attention, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of fresh peanuts from your very own garden.

7. Cotton

Crops Grown In New Mexico

Cotton is a crop that is grown in many different parts of the world, including New Mexico. This versatile plant can be used to make a variety of products, from clothing to rope.

Cotton is a very hardy plant and can withstand a fair amount of abuse, which is why it is such a popular choice for farmers.

Cotton plants need a lot of water in order to thrive, so they are often planted in areas that get a lot of rainfall. The cotton plant will also do well in sandy or loamy soil, as long as it is well-drained.

When the cotton plant is ready to harvest, the cotton bolls will open up and the fluffy white cotton inside will be exposed.


In conclusion, the top 7 crops grown in New Mexico are pecans, hay, peppers, corn, wheat, peanuts, and cotton. All of these crops are essential to the state’s economy and provide jobs for many of its residents.