Crops Grown In Illinois

Top 7 Crops Grown In Illinois

Understanding Illinois’ farming industry is important if you are looking to buy produce in the state. This is why we are going to discuss the top seven crops that are grown in Illinois.

We will start by describing each crop and what it is used for, followed by a list of where to find it on grocery store shelves. Finally, we will include some tips on how to find and buy Illinois’ top crops!

1. Soybeans

Crops Grown In Illinois

Soybeans are a type of legume that are native to East Asia. They were first introduced to the United States in the early 1800s and have been grown commercially since the mid-1900s. Today, soybeans are one of the most widely planted crops in the country. In Illinois, soybeans are the second most common crop after corn.

Soybeans are a versatile crop that can be used for a variety of purposes. The primary use for soybeans is as an ingredient in animal feed. Soybean meal is a high-protein feed that is used to supplement the diet of livestock such as cattle, pigs, and chickens.

Soybeans are also used to make a variety of food products, including tofu, soymilk, and soy sauce. In recent years, there has been an increasing demand for soybean oil as well.

This versatile oil can be used for cooking, baking, and even making biodiesel fuel.

The vast majority of soybeans grown in Illinois are conventional varieties. However, there is a small but growing market for organic soybeans as well.

These beans are produced without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. To be certified organic, farmers must follow specific production practices and meet strict standards set by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

2. Wheat

Crops Grown In Illinois

Wheat is one of the most popular crops grown in Illinois. This versatile grain can be used to make bread, pasta, cereal, and more. Wheat is a good source of fiber and protein, and it can also help you regulate your blood sugar levels.

When choosing wheat products, look for those that are made with whole wheat flour to get the most nutritional benefit.

3. Corn

Crops Grown In Illinois

Corn is one of the most popular crops grown in Illinois. Every year, farmers plant millions of acres of corn, and the yield is always impressive. Corn is a versatile crop that can be used for many different purposes, including food, feed, and fuel.

It is a relatively easy crop to grow, and it thrives in Illinois’ climate. The state’s long growing season and ample rainfall provide ideal conditions for corn production.

Corn is also relatively tolerant to pests and diseases, which makes it a low-maintenance crop for farmers.

The high demand for corn means that farmers are always looking for ways to increase their yield. They have access to the latest technology and techniques to help them maximize production.

Thanks to these advances, Illinois farmers are able to produce large quantities of corn each year.

4. Hay

Crops Grown In Illinois

Hay is a type of grass that is grown specifically for animal feed. It is a nutritious food source for animals, and it is high in fiber and protein. Hay is also an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, phosphorus, and potassium.

There are many different types of hay, and the type that you choose will depend on the animals that you are feeding. Alfalfa hay is a good choice for horses, cattle, and goats.

Timothy hay is a good choice for rabbits and guinea pigs. Orchard grass and brome grass are good choices for chickens.

Hay is typically harvested in the summer months, when the grass is at its peak growth. The hay is cut, dried, and then stored in a dry place until it is ready to be used.

When feeding hay to animals, it is important to make sure that the hay is fresh and free from mold or other contaminants.

5. Oats

Crops Grown In Illinois

If you’re looking for a hearty, nutritious crop to add to your garden, look no further than oats! Oats are a type of cereal grain that is popular all around the world.

Not only are they a delicious and versatile ingredient in many recipes, but they are also packed with nutrients that can benefit your health in many ways.

Here are just a few reasons why oats should be at the top of your list when it comes to crops to grow in Illinois.

One of the main reasons to grow oats is that they are an excellent source of fiber. Fiber is important for promoting digestive health and preventing constipation.

It can also help to lower cholesterol levels and control blood sugar levels. Oats are also a good source of protein, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

Another great reason to grow oats is that they are relatively easy to care for. They prefer cooler temperatures and can tolerate some frost, making them ideal for growing in Illinois. They also don’t require a lot of fertilization or irrigation, making them a low-maintenance crop.

If you’re looking for a nutritious and easy-to-grow crop for your garden, oats should be at the top of your list!

6. Sweet Corn

Crops Grown In Illinois

Sweet corn is one of the most popular crops grown in Illinois. This type of corn is harvested when the kernels are still soft and sweet, which is typically about two weeks after the corn plants have flowered.

Sweet corn is typically grown as a summer crop, and it can be eaten fresh, canned, or frozen.

Sweet corn is a relatively easy crop to grow, but there are a few things to keep in mind in order to produce the best possible yield. First, the soil should be rich and well-drained.

The plants also need full sun exposure and consistent watering throughout the growing season.

If you’re interested in growing sweet corn in your own garden, there are a few different varieties to choose from. Early varieties include ‘Early Sunglow’ and ‘Sugar Buns’, while later varieties include ‘Butter & Sugar’ and ‘Kandy Korn’.

No matter which variety you choose, you’re sure to enjoy the sweet taste of homegrown sweet corn!

7. Pumpkins

Crops Grown In Illinois

Pumpkins are a type of squash that is typically grown in the fall. The state of Illinois is one of the leading producers of pumpkins in the United States. In fact, almost 90% of the pumpkins grown in the country come from Illinois, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.

Pumpkins are a versatile fruit that can be used in both sweet and savory dishes. They are often used as decoration for Halloween and Thanksgiving.

Pumpkins can be roasted, pureed, or even made into pies.

If you’re looking to grow pumpkins in your own garden, Illinois is a great place to start. The climate is perfect for growing pumpkins and there are many different varieties to choose from.

So get out there and start planting!


Illinois is the top soybean and corn producing state in the country, supplying 15% and 13% of the nation’s respective supplies. Farmers in Illinois play a significant role in meeting US demand for these vital crops.

Who Is The Biggest Farmer In Illinois?

Bill Gates reportedly owns the most farmland in the United States. This includes a large amount of farmland in central Illinois. Gates is believed to be the largest individual owner of prime farmland in the country.


We’ve taken a look at the top 7 crops grown in Illinois. Each crop has its own unique benefits and is grown in different parts of the state. Illinois is a great place to grow crops, and the climate is perfect for many different types of plants.

If you’re looking to start a farm in Illinois, I hope this blog post has been helpful in deciding what to grow.