Crops Grown In Idaho

Top 9 Crops Grown In Idaho

Are you looking for a career in agriculture? If so, you might want to consider looking into crops grown in Idaho. There are many great crops that can be grown in the state, and with the right tools and knowledge, you could have a successful farming career.

Today we are going to discuss some of the top crops grown in Idaho, and what makes them so successful. We will also go over how to get started with farming, provide resources for more information, and answer any questions you might have.

1. Potatoes

Crops Grown In Idaho

The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop that is grown in Idaho. Potatoes are the world’s fourth-largest food crop, following maize, wheat, and rice. The potato was first domesticated in the region now known as Peru and Bolivia between 8000 and 5000 BC. They were then brought to Europe by Spanish explorers in the 16th century.

Potatoes are a versatile food and can be cooked in many different ways. They can be boiled, baked, mashed, or roasted. potatoes are often used as a side dish or ingredient in other dishes such as stews, casseroles, and salads.

Idaho is one of the top potato-producing states in the United States. In 2018, Idaho produced 11.3 billion pounds of potatoes, which was worth $4.8 billion. The majority of Idaho’s potatoes are grown in the southeastern part of the state.

2. Canola

Crops Grown In Idaho

Canola is one of the top nine crops grown in Idaho. This beautiful flower is actually a member of the mustard family, and its scientific name is Brassica napus. Canola was first cultivated in Canada in the 1970s, and today it is widely grown around the world.

Canola oil is prized for its high smoke point and neutral flavor, making it ideal for cooking. It is also a healthy oil, rich in monounsaturated fats and low in saturated fats.

Canola oil is used in a variety of products, from salad dressings to biodiesel fuel.

Canola flowers are yellow or white and have a sweet, pleasant aroma. The plants typically grow to be about three feet tall, with long, slender leaves. Canola is typically harvested in the summer months.

If you’re ever in Idaho during canola season, be sure to check out the fields of beautiful blooms!

3. Safflower

Crops Grown In Idaho

Safflower is a plant that is native to the arid regions of the Middle East.

Safflower has been cultivated for centuries for its oil, which was used as a cooking oil and in cosmetics. The plant was also used as a dyestuff and for medicinal purposes.

Today, safflower is grown commercially in many parts of the world, including Idaho. The oil from safflower seeds is used in cooking, cosmetics, and as a natural insecticide. The flowers are often used in dried flower arrangements.

4. Rapeseed

Crops Grown In Idaho

Rapeseed is a crop that is grown in Idaho. This crop is used to make canola oil, which is a type of vegetable oil. This oil is used in cooking and baking.

It is also used as a lubricant and in cosmetics. Rapeseed oil has a high smoke point, which means it can be used for frying foods.

5. Sunflowers

Crops Grown In Idaho

Sunflowers are one of the most popular crops grown in Idaho. They are known for their large yellow flowers and their ability to grow in a variety of climates. Idaho is home to many different types of sunflowers, including the common sunflower, the giant sunflower, and the dwarf sunflower.

Sunflowers are relatively easy to grow and require little maintenance. They prefer full sun and well-drained soil, but can tolerate some shade and poor drainage. Sunflowers are also drought tolerant and can withstand periods of dry weather.

The main pest that affects sunflowers in Idaho is the aphid. Aphids are small, winged insects that feed on the sap of plants. They can cause damage to the leaves, stems, and flowers of sunflowers. Aphids can also transmit diseases from one plant to another.

6. Flax

Crops Grown In Idaho

Flax is a crop that is grown in Idaho. This crop is used to produce linen and other textile materials. The flax plant is also used as a food source, and the seeds of the flax plant are a good source of omega-3 fatty acids.

Flaxseed oil is also used as a dietary supplement and as an ingredient in some cosmetics products.

7. Wheat

Crops Grown In Idaho

Wheat is a type of grain that is produced from the grass species Triticum. It is one of the most widely cultivated crops in the world and is used to make bread, pasta, cereal, and many other products.

Wheat is grown in Idaho and many other states in the US. The climate in Idaho is well suited for wheat production and the state produces a variety of wheat types, including hard red winter wheat, hard white wheat, and soft white wheat.

Wheat is a nutritious food that contains several important nutrients, including protein, fiber, iron, and B vitamins. It can be enjoyed in many different ways, such as baked into bread or cooked into pasta.

When purchasing wheat products, look for those made with whole wheat flour to get the most health benefits.

8. Barley

Crops Grown In Idaho

Barley is a versatile grain that can be used in a variety of ways. It is most commonly used in the brewing of beer and whisky, but it can also be eaten as a cereal grain or used as livestock feed.

Barley is a hardy grain that can withstand harsh growing conditions, which makes it well-suited for cultivation in Idaho.

Barley is rich in nutrients and provides a good source of dietary fiber, protein, and several essential vitamins and minerals. When consumed as part of a healthy diet, barley can help to lower cholesterol levels and blood pressure, and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Despite its many health benefits, barley does contain gluten and should be avoided by individuals with celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity.

Those with wheat allergies may also be allergic to barley.

9. Hay

Crops Grown In Idaho

Hay is a type of grass that is cut and dried to be used as animal feed. It is one of the most important crops grown in Idaho, as it is a major part of the state’s agricultural economy.

Hay is typically grown in fields that are not suitable for other types of crops, such as those that are too dry or hilly.

Hay is an important part of the diet of many animals, including cows, horses, rabbits, and goats. It is high in fiber and nutrients, and can help animals stay healthy and maintain a good weight.

Hay is also used as bedding for animals, which helps keep them warm and comfortable.

There are two main types of hay: alfalfa and timothy. Alfalfa hay is higher in protein and calcium, while timothy hay is lower in these nutrients but higher in fiber.

Both types of hay are important for animal health, and Idaho farmers work hard to produce high-quality hay for their livestock.


In the United States, Idaho produces the most potatoes out of any other state. In fact, Idaho growers produce around 100 million hundredweight of potatoes each year on 300,000 acres of land. Consequently, Idaho contributes significantly to the nation’s potato supply.

Idaho’s agricultural industry is largely based on livestock and dairy products, as well as potatoes and wheat. The state is home to many cattle and calves, as well as a significant amount of dairy production. Hay is also a notable product of the state’s agriculture.

Sweet potatoes grow best in warm, humid conditions with plenty of sunlight and fertile soil. While Idaho typically has sunny weather, the state’s sandy, silty loam soils are not ideal for sweet potato growth. As a result, Idaho is not able to produce enough sweet potatoes to meet demand.


In conclusion, these are the top 9 crops grown in Idaho. Each crop is vital to the state’s economy and provides a unique product. We hope you have found this blog post helpful in understanding the variety of crops grown in Idaho.