Crops Grown In Arizona

Top 17 Crops Grown In Arizona

You may be wondering what crops are grown in Arizona, and what purpose they serve. Arizona is home to a diverse range of crops, from cotton to sorghum, that are used for a variety of purposes including food, industrial products, and biofuel.

This article will break down each crop and discuss its unique properties and how it’s used in Arizona. We also have tips on how to get started growing these crops if you’re looking to make a move to Arizona.

1. Hay & Haylage

Crops Grown In Arizona

Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be used as animal fodder. It is usually fed to cattle, horses, goats, rabbits, sheep, and other grazing animals.

Haylage is a type of hay that has been fermented and stored in an airtight container. It is often used as winter feed for livestock since it contains more nutrients than traditional hay.

The main difference between hay and haylage is the fermentation process. Haylage undergoes a fermentation process that breaks down the sugars in the plants, which makes it more nutritious for livestock. Haylage is also more compact than hay, so it takes up less space when stored.

Both hay and haylage are grown in Arizona. The state has a warm climate that is ideal for growing these crops. Arizona farmers usually harvest hay in late spring or early summer.

2. Lettuce

Crops Grown In Arizona

Lettuce is one of the most popular crops grown in Arizona. This leafy green vegetable is a staple in many diets due to its nutritional value and versatility. Lettuce can be eaten raw in salads, sandwiches, and wraps or cooked in a variety of dishes.

There are many different types of lettuce that can be grown in Arizona, including iceberg, romaine, and leaf lettuce. The climate in Arizona is ideal for growing lettuce, as the state has warm days and cool nights. Lettuce requires a lot of water to grow, so irrigation is essential.

If you’re looking to add more lettuce to your diet, there are many ways to do so. You can plant your own lettuce in your garden or purchase it from your local grocery store. Farmers markets are also a great place to buy fresh, locally grown lettuce.

3. Spinach

Crops Grown In Arizona

Spinach is a leafy green vegetable that is grown in Arizona. This crop is known for its nutritional value, as it is a good source of vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium.

Spinach can be eaten raw or cooked, and is often used in salads, soups, and pasta dishes.

When purchasing spinach at the grocery store, look for leaves that are dark green in color and free from brown spots. If you are buying pre-washed spinach, make sure that the leaves are not wilted or yellowed.

To store spinach, place it in a plastic bag in the refrigerator where it will keep fresh for up to five days.

To prepare spinach for eating, simply wash the leaves in cold water. If you are cooking spinach, you can saute it in olive oil or steam it for a few minutes until it is wilted. Eat spinach raw or cooked as a part of a healthy diet!

4. Cotton

Crops Grown In Arizona

Cotton is one of the most popular crops grown in Arizona. This versatile plant can be used to make a variety of different products, from clothing to home furnishings. Cotton is a hardy plant that can tolerate hot and dry conditions, making it well-suited to the climate in Arizona.

Cotton plants are typically started from seedlings that are planted in the spring. The plants will bloom throughout the summer, producing white or yellow flowers.

Once the flowers have been pollinated, the cotton bolls will begin to form. These bolls will mature and be ready for harvest in late summer or early fall.

Harvesting cotton is typically done by machines that strip the bolls from the plant and collect the seeds inside. The cotton fibers can then be processed and made into a variety of different products.

5. Dates

Crops Grown In Arizona

Dates are one of the oldest cultivated crops in the world, and have been grown in Arizona for years. These delicious fruits are a staple of many diets in the Southwest, and are used in everything from desserts to main dishes.

Dates are rich in vitamins and minerals, and are a good source of fiber. They contain high levels of potassium, magnesium, and calcium, as well as vitamin A and C. Dates are also a good source of antioxidants.

There are many different varieties of dates, but the most common type grown in Arizona is the Medjool date. These large, plump fruits have a sweet, caramel-like flavor that is beloved by many.

Medjool dates are often used in recipes that call for dried fruit, as they retain their moist texture even after being dried.

Whether you enjoy them fresh, dried, or cooked into a dish, dates are a delicious and nutritious addition to your diet.

6. Pecans

Crops Grown In Arizona

Pecans are a type of nut that is native to North America. They are grown in many different parts of the United States, including Arizona. Pecans are a popular food because they are tasty and nutritious. Pecans are a good source of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

They can be eaten raw, roasted, or used in baking. Pecans can also be used to make pecan butter, which is a spreadable form of the nut that is similar to peanut butter. Pecans can be purchased at most grocery stores.

If you are looking for a tasty and nutritious snack, try adding some to your diet!

7. Melons

Crops Grown In Arizona

There are many different types of melons that can be grown in Arizona, including watermelons, cantaloupes, and honeydews. Melons are a refreshing and healthy treat that can be enjoyed all summer long.

Watermelons are the most popular type of melon in the United States, and they are also one of the easiest to grow. Cantaloupes are another popular type of melon, and they have a slightly sweeter flavor than watermelons.

Honeydews are not as sweet as either watermelons or cantaloupes, but they are still a delicious addition to any summer meal.

Melons are a great source of vitamins and minerals, and they are also low in calories. Watermelons, in particular, are a good source of lycopene, which is an antioxidant that can help protect against cancer. Cantaloupes and honeydews are also good sources of vitamin C.

If you’re looking for a tasty and nutritious way to enjoy the summer sun, make sure to add some melons to your garden this year!

8. Broccoli

Crops Grown In Arizona

Broccoli is a member of the cabbage family and is related to kale, Brussels sprouts, and collard greens. It is an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K as well as fiber. Broccoli can be eaten raw or cooked and is often used in salads, stir-fries, soups, and pasta dishes.

Broccoli is a cool weather crop that grows best in the spring or fall. In Arizona, it can be planted in February or October. Broccoli needs full sun and well-drained soil. The plants should be spaced about 18 inches apart. Broccoli heads will form in about 60 days.

To harvest broccoli, cut the heads from the plant when they are 6 to 8 inches in diameter. Broccoli heads should be harvested before the flowers open. After harvesting, the plants will produce side shoots that can be harvested for several weeks.

9. Cauliflower

Crops Grown In Arizona

Cauliflower is a cool weather crop that is typically grown in Arizona from September through February. This cruciferous vegetable does best in temperatures between 60 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit, and can be tolerant of light frost.

Cauliflower prefers full sun but will also do well in partial shade.

The key to growing a healthy head of cauliflower is to start with rich, loose soil that is high in organic matter. Cauliflower should be planted about two weeks after the last frost date in your area.

To plant, first prepare the soil by adding compost or manure to it. Then, create a small mound or hill about 6 inches tall and 18 inches wide. Sow the seeds on the top of the mound, and then cover with about 1/2 inch of soil.

After planting, water well and keep the soil moist but not soggy. When the seedlings are about 4 inches tall, thin them out so that only the healthiest plants remain.

Keep an eye out for pests such as aphids, cabbage loopers, and harlequin bugs which can all damage this crop.

Cauliflower heads are ready to harvest when they are about 6 to 8 inches in diameter and still white in color. Cut the heads off at the base with a sharp knife, being careful not to damage any of the surrounding leaves.

Enjoy your freshly harvested cauliflower immediately or store it in the refrigerator for up to a week.

10. Cabbage

Crops Grown In Arizona

Cabbage is a cool weather crop that is typically grown in the fall and winter months in Arizona. This leafy vegetable is a member of the Brassica family, which also includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and kale.

Cabbage can be eaten raw or cooked and is often used in salads, slaws, and stir-fries. This nutrient-dense vegetable is an excellent source of vitamins C and K, as well as fiber.

To grow cabbage in Arizona, start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. Transplant seedlings to the garden after all danger of frost has passed. Cabbage prefers full sun but will tolerate partial shade.

Amend the soil with compost or manure before planting. Space plants 18-24 inches apart in rows that are 2-3 feet apart. Keep the soil moist but not soggy; too much water can cause the heads to split.

Harvest cabbage when the heads are firm and have reached the desired size.

11. Wheat

Crops Grown In Arizona

Arizona is one of the top wheat-producing states in the country. In 2019, Arizona farmers grew a total of 1.3 million acres of wheat, resulting in a production value of $650 million. That year, Arizona ranked sixth in the nation for wheat production.

Wheat is a versatile crop that can be used for many different purposes, including bread, pasta, cereal, and even beer. Wheat is an essential ingredient in many foods, which is why it’s so important for farmers to grow this crop.

Wheat is a relatively easy crop to grow, but it does require some specific conditions in order to thrive. For example, wheat needs to be planted in well-drained soil with plenty of sunlight.

Farmers also need to be careful not to overwater their wheat crops, as too much water can lead to disease.

12. Lemons

Crops Grown In Arizona

Lemons are one of the most popular citrus fruits in the world. They are grown in many different climates, including Arizona. Lemons are used in a variety of dishes and drinks, and their juice is a popular ingredient in many household cleaning products.

The lemon is a citrus fruit that is native to Asia. It is believed that lemons were first domesticated in China or India. From there, they spread to other parts of Asia and eventually made their way to Europe and the Mediterranean region.

Lemons were introduced to North America by Spanish explorers in the 1600s.

Lemons are a key ingredient in many dishes, including fish, chicken, and salads. Lemon juice is also used as a natural cleaning agent. They are high in vitamin C and citric acid. They are also a good source of fiber, potassium, and magnesium.

13. Corn

Crops Grown In Arizona

Corn is one of the most popular crops grown in Arizona. This versatile grain can be used in a variety of dishes, from sweetcorn on the cob to cornbread and tacos.

Corn is also a key ingredient in many processed foods, so it’s no wonder that this crop is so important to the state’s economy.

Corn is a warm-season crop that is typically planted in late April or early May. The plants will then produce ears of corn that are ready to harvest in late August or early September. Each ear of corn contains about 800 kernels, which can be used fresh, frozen, or canned.

If you’re looking to add some corn to your garden this year, there are a few things to keep in mind. First, corn requires full sun and well-drained soil.

It’s also important to space the plants about 18 inches apart so that they have room to grow. With proper care, you can enjoy fresh corn all summer long!

14. Barley

Crops Grown In Arizona

Barley is a grain that is most commonly used to make beer and whiskey. It is also used in animal feed and as a food for humans. Barley grows in Arizona and is one of the top 14 crops grown in the state.

Barley is a very versatile grain. It can be used to make beer, whiskey, bread, and animal feed. It is also a good source of fiber and protein.

Barley is grown in many different parts of the world, including Arizona.

If you are looking for a grain that can be used in many different ways, barley is a great option. It is versatile and nutritious, making it a valuable crop for both farmers and consumers alike.


In conclusion, the top 14 crops grown in Arizona are hay and haylage, lettuce, spinach, cotton, dates, pecans, melons, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, wheat, lemons, and corn.

Barley is also a popular crop in Arizona. Arizona is a great place to grow a variety of crops. The climate and soil in Arizona are ideal for growing many different types of crops.